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外交部长王毅就中国外交政策和对外关系回答中外记者提问(中英双语)

  发布时间:2018-03-12    来源:外交部发言人办公室微信公众号    字体显示: 默认   阅读:

  2018年3月8日,十三届全国人大一次会议在两会新闻中心举行记者会,邀请外交部长王毅就中国外交政策和对外关系回答中外记者提问。

  On 8 March 2018, the First Session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress held a press conference. Foreign Minister Wang Yi answered questions on China's foreign policy and external relations.

  王毅:各位记者朋友,大家上午好!首先,我要向在场的女记者们并向所有女同胞们致以节日的祝福。同时,我也要借此机会向所有关心和支持中国外交的中外记者朋友们表示感谢,中国外交取得的成绩里有你们付出的一份辛劳和贡献。大家辛苦了!现在,我愿意回答大家的提问。

  Wang Yi: Dear members of the press, good morning. At the outset, I wish to extend festive greetings to all women, particularly the female journalists in this room. I also wish to thank the press, Chinese and foreign, for having shown understanding and support for China's foreign policy and external relations. Everything we have accomplished, you have played a part. Thank you! Now I am ready to take your questions.

  《人民日报》记者:党的十八大以来,外交工作取得了前所未有的重大成就,赢得了全国人民普遍赞誉。2018年是十九大之后的开局之年,你能否透露今年的中国外交将有哪些亮点?

  People's Daily: Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has made unprecedented progress in its foreign relations, which is widely praised across the country. Following the 19th Party Congress, what will be the highlights of China's diplomatic agenda this year?

  王毅:党的十八大以来,在以习近平同志为核心的党中央正确领导下,我们走出了一条具有中国特色、中国气派、中国风格的大国外交之路,为维护国家主权和人民利益,为服务国内改革发展大局发挥了重要作用,取得了历史性成就。去年10月,习近平总书记在中共十九大报告中强调,我们要同各国一道,共同建设新型国际关系、共同构建人类命运共同体,这就是新时代中国特色大国外交的目标。

  Wang Yi: Under the outstanding leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core since the 18th Party Congress, we have traveled on a road of major-country diplomacy that reflects China's distinct vision, style and values. Producing historic accomplishments, our diplomatic efforts have been instrumental to upholding national sovereignty and interests, and to facilitating domestic reform and development. Last October, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized in his report to the 19th Party Congress that China will work with other countries to foster a new type of international relations and to build a global community with a shared future. This is the aim of China's major-country diplomacy in the new era.

  2018年是贯彻落实十九大精神的开局之年。中国外交将在习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想指引下,拿出新作为,展现新气象。今年的中国外交亮点主要体现在四大主场活动上。

  The year 2018 kicks off efforts to implement the decisions of the 19th Party Congress. Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, we in the diplomatic service will take new steps and make new strides. The main highlights of China's diplomatic calendar will include the following four events we are going to host:

  一是4月在海南举行博鳌亚洲论坛年会,主旋律是改革开放。今年恰逢中国改革开放40周年,本届年会将总结改革开放成功经验,展示新时代深化改革、扩大开放的新前景。

  First, the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference, which will take place in Hainan this April and focus on reform and opening-up. In this 40th anniversary year of reform and opening-up, we will review China's successful experience and sketch new possibilities for reform and opening-up in the new era.

  二是6月在青岛举行上海合作组织峰会,主旋律是弘扬“上海精神”.扩员后的上合组织将重温互信、互利、平等、协商、尊重多样文明、谋求共同发展的“上海精神”,开启上合组织发展壮大的新征程。

  Second, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, which will take place in Qingdao this June and focus on revitalizing the Shanghai Spirit. The expanded SCO will rededicate itself to the Shanghai Spirit of mutual trust and benefit, equal-footed consultation, respect for diversity of civilizations and pursuit of common development. The summit will set the SCO on a new journey of consolidation and growth.

  三是9月在北京举行中非合作论坛峰会,主旋律是“一带一路”.非洲各国的兄弟姐妹将会以峰会为契机,全方位参与“一带一路”建设,为中非全面战略伙伴关系注入新动力。

  Third, the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Summit, which will take place in Beijing this September and focus on the Belt and Road Initiative. A great opportunity for our African brothers and sisters to participate fully in the BRI, the Summit will give new impetus to the China-Africa comprehensive strategic partnership.

  四是11月在上海首次举行中国国际进口博览会,主旋律是市场开放。中国将向世界张开双臂,展现市场潜力,欢迎各国参与和分享中国发展的新机遇。

  Fourth, the first China International Import Expo, which will take place in Shanghai this November and focus on further market opening. China will embrace the world with open arms and enormous market potential. All will be welcome to access and benefit from the new opportunities of China's development.

  2018年中国外交的大幕已经拉开,新时代的中国外交将为中国自身发展营造更好外部环境,为人类进步事业提供更多正能量。

  China's diplomatic agenda for 2018 are unfolding even as we speak. In the new era, we will work even harder to see that China will enjoy a better environment for development and make greater contributions to human progress.

  路透社记者:中国可以发挥什么作用鼓励朝美进行直接谈判?中方是否认为美方应该撤离驻韩的美军?

  Reuters: What role does China have to facilitate direct talks between North Korea and the United States? Does China believe that the US needs to withdraw its military forces in South Korea?

  王毅:半岛问题是当前国际社会最关注的一个话题。朝韩双方抓住冬奥会契机,展开一系列密集互动,南北关系迅速解冻,为冰封已久的半岛局势注入了久违的暖流。发生这样的变化有人似乎感到困惑,其实是情理之中。冬奥会期间,朝鲜没有进行新的核导试验,美韩也暂停了针对朝方的军演。事实证明,中方提出的“双暂停”倡议是一剂对症下药的良方,为南北改善关系营造了最基本的条件。

  Wang Yi: This is the hottest topic right now. Seizing the opportunity of the PyeongChang Olympics, the DPRK and the ROK have had a succession of interactions and achieved a rapid thaw in their relations, reversing the long-standing chill on the Korean Peninsula. The recent developments may seem baffling to some people, but are actually within the bounds of reason. During the Winter Games, the DPRK did not conduct any nuclear test and the US and the ROK suspended their joint exercises targeting the DPRK. This proves that China's “suspension for suspension” proposal was the right prescription for the problem and created basic conditions for the improvement of inter-Korean relations.

  现在,半岛问题的解决终于朝着正确方向迈出了重要一步。我们对朝韩双方为此作出的努力予以充分肯定和支持。接下来的关键,是各方积极呼应,形成合力,共同把半岛局势重新纳入和平稳定的轨道,把半岛核问题重新纳入对话解决的轨道。为此,我们呼吁各方尤其是美朝双方尽快进行接触和对话。各方沿着“双轨并进”的思路,既坚持半岛无核化目标,又积极构建半岛和平机制。在推进无核化的进程中同步对等解决各方包括朝方的合理安全关切。这既是中方的一贯立场,也是联合国安理会决议中确定的目标。

  The Korean Peninsula issue has finally taken an important step in the right direction. China fully commends and supports the efforts made by the two Koreas. To return the Peninsula to peace and stability and the nuclear issue to the track of dialogue, these initial steps must be followed up by corresponding and concerted efforts by the parties. To this end, we call on the parties, particularly the US and the DPRK, to engage in dialogue sooner rather than later. We encourage all to follow the dual-track approach of remaining committed to the goal of denuclearization and working actively to establish a peace mechanism on the Peninsula. The parties' legitimate security concerns, including those of the DPRK, can be addressed in exchange for and in tandem with progress towards denuclearization. This is China's long-standing position and also the vision set forth in the relevant Security Council resolutions.

  冰冻三尺非一日之寒。尽管隧道的尽头已经显露曙光,但前行的道路不可能一帆风顺。历史经验告诉我们,每当半岛局势出现缓和时,各种干扰就会如影随形,接踵而来。现在又到了检验各方是不是真心希望解决半岛核问题的关键时刻。和平必须争取,机遇需要把握。各方应以半岛和平大局为重,以本地区人民安危为重,拿出政治勇气,作出政治决断,尽快开展一切必要和有益的双多边接触,全力推动重启和平解决半岛核问题的对话谈判。中方将为此继续作出不懈努力。

  Of course, it takes more than one cold day to freeze three feet of ice. Despite light at the end of the tunnel, the journey ahead won't be smooth. History has reminded us time and again that whenever tensions subsided on the Peninsula, the situation would be clouded by various interferences. Now is a crucial moment for testing the sincerity of the parties. Every effort must be made for peace, and the opportunity must be seized. It falls to all parties to bear in mind the imperative of peace and the well-being of people in the region. All must demonstrate political courage and make a political decision to expeditiously carry out all necessary and useful engagements, both bilateral and plurilateral, and to do their best to restart dialogue and negotiation for the peaceful settlement of the nuclear issue. China will continue to make unremitting efforts for this outcome.

  中央电视台记者:党的十八大以来,习近平总书记亲力亲为开展元首外交,推动我国国际地位和影响得到历史性提升。你怎么看待中国元首外交的重要作用和影响?

  China Central Television: In the last five years, President Xi has been fully engaged in China's foreign policy. His personal diplomacy has enhanced China's standing and international influence like never before. How do you see the role and impact of the diplomacy conducted by President Xi as head of state?

  王毅:元首外交是国际交往的最高形态,有着其他交往无法替代的重要作用和战略价值。党的十八大以来,习近平主席作为中国特色大国外交的总设计师,亲自擘画和推进了精彩纷呈的元首外交,遍访世界57个国家,接待了110多位外国元首访华。这些重大外交活动,不仅极大增进了国际社会对中国的了解,有效提升了中国的国际地位和影响,也为解决当今许多全球性问题指明了方向。而习主席本人的领袖风范和人格魅力,使许多不同社会制度、文化背景的领导人都成为了他的好朋友,成为了中国的好朋友。

  Wang Yi: Head-of-state diplomacy as the highest form of state-to-state interaction plays a pivotal role and has irreplaceable strategic value. Since 2012, President Xi Jinping has been the chief architect of China's distinctive major-country diplomacy. He was personally involved in the planning and conduct of head-of-state diplomacy, which by all accounts has been brilliant. To date, President Xi has visited 57 countries in different parts of the world and received more than 110 foreign heads of state. These important visits and meetings go a long way towards deepening the world's understanding of China, enhancing China's profile and influence, and facilitating the solution of many global problems. President Xi's leadership and charisma has earned him – and his country – many good friends among foreign leaders who represent a diverse range of cultures and social systems.

  2018年,除了主持四大主场活动之外,习主席还将赴南非、巴布亚新几内亚和阿根廷出席金砖国家领导人峰会、亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议以及二十国集团领导人会晤。我们相信,习主席亲力亲为的元首外交将会进一步展现为人民谋福、为国家负责、为世界担当的博大情怀,书写新时代中国特色大国外交的崭新篇章。

  In the year ahead, President Xi will host the four diplomatic events I mentioned earlier, and he will also attend the BRICS Summit in South Africa, the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Papua New Guinea and the G20 Summit in Argentina. We believe that President Xi's personal diplomacy will make a positive and responsible contribution to the well-being of his people, the interests of China and the welfare of the world. It will write a whole new chapter of major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

  彭博社记者:关于美中贸易战,美方表示愿意采取一切工具防止中国破坏国际竞争。请问中国是否愿意采取一切工具反击?

  Bloomberg: The US says it will use all available tools to prevent China from undermining international competition. Will China respond in kind?

  王毅:作为外长,我有责任首先重申中方对美政策。中美双方达成的重要共识是,双方都认为,中美在维护世界和平、稳定、繁荣方面拥有广泛共同利益和重要责任。双方将在互利互惠基础上拓展各领域合作,在相互尊重基础上管控好分歧矛盾,加强两国人民之间的相互了解和友谊,合作应对重大地区和全球性挑战,推动中美关系持续健康稳定发展。

  Wang Yi: Let me first reiterate China's policy towards the United States. China and the US are agreed that we share broad interests and important responsibilities for global peace, stability and prosperity. Our two countries are to carry out broad-based cooperation on the basis of mutual benefit, manage our differences on the basis of mutual respect, deepen mutual understanding and friendship between our people, and work together to address major regional and global challenges. We ought to work for the sustained, healthy and steady growth of our relations.

  中美之间主要是合作。两国人民之间有着非常广泛和密切的交往。美国盖洛普民调最新数字表明,美国民众对中国的好感度超过了50%,这是近30年来最高的。我希望大家更要看到这些积极因素。作为世界上最大的发展中国家和最大的发达国家,中美合作将造福两国,惠及世界。如果说中美之间有竞争的话,也应该是良性和积极竞争,这在国际交往中也是正常的。换句话说,中美可以有竞争,不必做对手,更需当伙伴。

  Cooperation is the main thrust of China-US relations. Our people enjoy close and extensive exchanges. According to the latest Gallup poll, more than 50 percent of Americans have a favorable view of China, the highest rate in nearly three decades. I hope people will pay more attention to such positive things. As the largest developing country and developed country, China and America working together will benefit not just our own countries, but also the whole world. If there is any competition between us, which is natural, it has to be healthy and positive. We may have competition, but we don't have to be rivals. Instead, we should strive to be partners.

  中国将坚持走自己选择的发展道路,中国的发展振兴不可阻挡,这已是国际社会的普遍认知。美国一些人认为中国因此要取代美国在国际上的作用,这是根本性的战略误判。我们走的是中国特色社会主义道路,核心要义是坚持和平发展,成功之处在于合作共赢,这与传统大国曾经走过的路完全不同,正在得到越来越多国家的认同和欢迎。中国越发展,越能为世界做贡献。中国实现自身现代化的路还很长,不会也不必去取代美国的作用。双方应在遵守中美三个联合公报和双方各项共识的基础上相互尊重,优势互补,合作共赢。中美关系数十年来历经风雨,但对话与合作始终是主线,因为这是唯一明智也是现实的选择。

  China is determined to stay on the path it has chosen, and China's development and revitalization is unstoppable. This is the consensus of the international community. Some Americans allege that China will replace America's role in the world. This strategic conclusion is fundamentally wrong. China is on the path of socialism with distinctive Chinese characteristics. Its success is underpinned by its commitment to peaceful development and win-win cooperation. China's path is completely different from that of traditional powers and, as such, is commended and welcomed by a growing number of countries. The truth is, the more China develops, the more contribution it can make to the world. China is on a long march to modernization. It has no need or intention to displace America. China and America must respect each other, combine our strengths and pursue win-win cooperation on the basis of the three joint communiqués and our common understandings. China-US relations have gone through a lot in the past few decades, but dialogue and cooperation has always carried the day. It is the wise thing to do; there can be no alternative.

  至于中美之间的贸易摩擦。历史的经验教训证明,打贸易战从来都不是解决问题的正确途径。尤其在全球化的今天,选择贸易战更是抓错了药方,结果只会损人害己,中方必将作出正当和必要的反应。作为两个利益高度融合的大国,作为世界第一和第二大经济体,中美既要对两国人民负责,也要为世界各国负责。双方还是应当心平气和地坐下来,通过平等和建设性对话,共同找出一个互利双赢的办法。

  As for our trade frictions, history teaches that trade war is never the right solution. In a globalized world, it is particularly unhelpful, as it will harm the initiator as well as the target country. In the event of a trade war, China will make a justified and necessary response. The bottom line is, as the world's largest economies, China's and America's interests are deeply entwined. We must bear in mind not just the interests of our own people, but also the well-being of the world. When all is said and done, we hope China and America will have a calm and constructive dialogue as equals, and find a win-win solution.

  《中国日报》记者:外界议论说中国已经改变了不干涉内政原则,将更多干预他国和地区事务,这是否正成为中国外交新趋势?

  China Daily: We hear a view that China has abandoned its long-standing policy of non-interference in favor of a more interventionist approach. Are we seeing a new trend in China's foreign policy?

  王毅:作为安理会常任理事国,中国始终把维护国际和平作为自己应尽的责任。早在上世纪50年代,我们就为和平解决印度支那问题作出过重要贡献。而今天的中国,更应为解决地区和国际热点问题积极发挥作用。这既是我们应该做的,也是各方的普遍期待。

  Wang Yi: As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China takes seriously its responsibility for maintaining international peace. Even in the 1950s, we made an important contribution to the peaceful settlement of the Indochina issue. Today, China is in a much better position to help resolve various regional and international issues. We are ready to play our part; indeed, the world expects no less from us.

  中国参与解决热点问题,有着鲜明的中国特色,始终坚持有所为也有所不为。归纳起来有三条,即和平性、正当性和建设性。和平性就是坚持政治解决方向,主张通过对话谈判解决任何矛盾分歧,坚决反对使用武力;正当性就是坚持不干涉内政原则,尊重当事国的主权和意愿,坚决反对强加于人;建设性就是坚持客观公正立场,根据事情本身的是非曲直开展斡旋调停,坚决反对谋取私利。这三个特色,来源于中国优秀的文化传统,植根于中国外交的成功实践,符合联合国宪章的宗旨和原则,也为解决各种冲突和挑战提供了正确导向和积极借鉴。

  In helping to settle various flashpoints, we follow a distinctly Chinese approach. There are things we will do and there are things we won't do. Put simply, our approach is at once peaceful, justifiable and constructive. First, we prefer a political settlement of disputes through dialogue and negotiation, and firmly reject the use of force. Second, we respect other countries' sovereignty and wish, and never meddle in their internal affairs. Indeed, we firmly reject imposing one's own view on others. Third, we do our best to be fair and objective and proceed from the merits of the matter. We firmly reject pursuing private ends. Our approach is rooted in traditional Chinese culture and our successful diplomatic practice. In keeping with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, it shows the right way and provides a good example for resolving conflicts and challenges in the world.

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